How to Choose Aquarium Equipment

They’ve been pushed aside by all kinds of more technologically advanced filtration options, but the fact remains that they’re one of the easiest to use and most effective ways to filter your tank. As easy as they are to set up, most people that do have experience with setting up an undergravel filter have some questions. We put together this helpful video to show you exactly how to assemble an undergravel filter and begin filtering your aquarium. Our Clear-Free undergravel filters feature a tried and true design that we haven’t changed in over 30 years. Each filter includes either 2 or 4 filter plates, jumbo 1″ lift tubes, rigid tubing, air stones and Filt-a-Carb filter cartridges. The only other thing you’ll need is a check valve, airline tubing and an air pump.

How to Connect a DSL Filter

I then had this crazy idea: It’s been several years now and I have been extremely pleased with the results. The water movement in the aquarium is superb; there are no dead spots. And by adding a sponge filter to the submersible pump s I have been able to keep the bottom of the aquarium spotless. The need for vacuuming the substrate has been completely eliminated.

Position the pump with its Conical Adapter on the lift tube of your undergravel filter. The powerhead must be at least partially submerged but may also be used fully submerged. Normally the specially designed Lift Tube Adapter will keep your powerhead in the position you have chosen.

I’ve read through the articles in the library on UGJ. Had a question though. It would seem to me that having 8 or so “large” jets would only cover a small portion of the aquarium i. I would also agree that 8 or so jets in concentrated flow wouldn’t cover all of the gravel and would result in dead spots. Pick up one or two of the water movers like the Hydro Koralia’s or Tunze. These will flush most of the waste off the sand keeping the water moving over it.

I am not sure how much force you will get from the holes in the PVC if the spray bars above the gravel. If anything you will probably put more back pressure on canister resulting in GPH then you are currently getting into the tank.

How to set up an undergravel filter?

Did this video help you? Undergravel filtration came out in the 70’s it worked well then, it works well now. Send is up with powerhead Bass Boy: Can you use this for a planted tank? I didn’t understand the filtration techniques Atul Chauhan:

Mounting Hook SP Mounting Hook/Hose Clamp SP Venturi Injector SP oxygen rich water is channeled up undergravel filter lift tubes for a secure fit. 9 Caution: Do Not plug into electrical power source before Accela Powerhead is installed.

Advice by Mick, keeping fish since Brief Description Old, familiar, outdated, problematic, simple, reliable, they have been called all of these and more, depending on who you ask. During this guide, I am attempting to give a balanced view and not condemning any specific filter or manufacturer. I have chosen Eheim in this guide purely because they are a well-known brand with a good reputation. Although they have a long and proven record, many aquarists have turned their backs on these in favour of more powerful, and more expensive filters.

The undergravel filter is a simple biological filter, using a shaped plastic plate which lays on the bottom of the tank with slots cut into it to allow water through into the gullies of the moulding, and a riser tube to draw the water back to the surface with the aid of an airstone or powerhead. It works very effectively by pulling water down through the gravel, where the solid debris is trapped close to the surface, and the soluble waste is broken down by bacteria that grows on the gravel surface further down.

The clean water is then taken back to the surface by the airstone or powerhead. There are various reasons for their decline in popularity, not least the problems that have been associated with cleaning them. Although this is not a weekly or even monthly task, it can involve a great deal of effort. The traditional way to clean this type of filter is by completely emptying the tank, removing the gravel, plants, ornaments etc, lifting the plate, rinsing it under the tap and putting it all back together, washing the gravel and everything else before putting it back in.

Not a pleasant task and very stressful for the inhabitants, catastrophic for the biological bacteria and very time consuming.

US6007713A – Self-cleaning undergravel filter – Google Patents

An undergravel filter is relatively inexpensive, reliable, and very effective. Biological aquarium filters , including undergravel filters, function in a completely different way, and they have a completely different design. The Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter bacteria necessary for biological filtration will colonize virtually every surface in a tank.

However, there is usually not enough surface area in a tank to support populations of these nitrifying bacteria large enough to process all the ammonia that is produced in a typical aquarium. A biological filter deals with this problem by making the natural nitrogen cycle operate more productively. A biological filter has two main functions.

Undergravel filter 45 x 30 cm. Single Airlift RSP 58×30 Undergravel filters 85 x 30 cm. temporarily unavailable. Two Airlifts RSP 98x Undergravel filters 98 x 30 cm. Two Airlifts RSP x Undergravel filters x 30 cm. Displaying items of 6. Height up to 70 cm; Height up to 90 cm; Height 90 cm and.

An air stone To make it more secure for safety reasons, you also need 4. An air check valve to prevent the water from goes back to the air pump in case of a power outage. To split air tubing and to control the air flow, you can use 5. Which aquarium air pump should I get in my fish tank? You must get an air pump strong enough to produce enough bubbles for the surface movement. All the aquarium air pumps have the manufacturer recommended tank size rated on their boxes.

You may use lower rated air pumps on bigger tanks, or vice versa. Some air pumps can have their air flow adjusted at the pump Ex: Rena air pumps , or you can adjust the airflow by using a controllable air valve.

Fish Tank Filters & Media

Are you sure that you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. Undergravel filters are probably the least efficient of all filtration methods. In principal, it’s a good idea: In reality, it just doesn’t work, because unless you have very, very few fish, the biological system just can’t cope with the amount of waste produced by the fish; it’s like throwing all your garbage into your backyard and using it as a toilet – it’ll just keep piling up, and it won’t biodegrade anywhere near quickly enough.

How to Hook Up an Atari If you are new to the Atari or VCS, and don’t know how to connect it to your modern TV, I will be showing you how to do just that. Actually, you do not have to use an interference filter. I mentioned in this Instructable that there would be an Instructable on how to make an RF adapter. You can look in my.

To chime in to the above, if you want to add real soil, and go for an El Natural type tank where soil and minimal waterchanges are involved then I suggest you visit the El Natural forum ongo APC, and check out some of the stickies and threads there. Here’s a good thread to start. Gravel in generally okay for the tank, mm size grains are ideal for planting as they will hold the plants down better.

Any bigger you’ll find it more difficult to keep the plants down. In terms of nutrient needs, adding fertilizers like the Seachem fert line or dry ferts gregwatson. Lastly, undergravel filters UGF are not ideal for a planted aquarium, but as said above it can be done with careful cutting of the roots when replanting. You’ll be surprised how deep the root system can go over 4 inches deep.

So, a fine gravel bed of 3 inch depth, and water column fertilization will get you going perfectly fine. If you want, you can spring for the premium substrates like Eco complete or Flourite, but it isn’t all that necessary. A good cheap alternative would be soilmaster select see substrate forum.

How do you set up an underwater aquarium filter system?

Are you sure that you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. When you purchase an undergravel filter it comes with everything but the air pump and air line tubing. You need to know the measurements of your tank because the plate fills the whole bottom.

Stock up on these items that are friendly for both the summer and fall seasons — your closet will thank you. Imagitarium Preferred Winston Tank Stand – for 29 Gallon Aquarium $ $ Imagitarium Imagitarium Undergravel Filter, 29 Gallon PETCO Animal Supplies $ Imagitarium.

Also, the upwards flow of water through the gravel pushes solid waste into the water column so it’s easier for the canister filter to remove the solid waste. You shouldn’t get cloudy water or grubby gravel, assuming of course you clean the mechanical filter media. You can clean the canister filter as often as you want without worrying about killing bacteria, because there will always be lots of good bacteria in the gravel.

Some Con’s to reverse underwater filtering. Firstly, they’re essentially incompatible with plants, or at least plants with roots they’re fine with floating plants and epiphytes such as Java fern and Anubias. Secondly, they only work properly if the gravel bed is more or less flat and open. That is, instead of pulling the water down through the gravel, you push it up through the gravel. You also use a sponge pre-filter on the powerhead, so it is pushing pre-filtered water down the riser tube, out under the plate, and up through the gravel.

This is reverse-flow undergravel RFUG filtration. Several brands of powerheads can be adapted to this, but I only have personal experience with one, Penguin, which offers an accessory kit to convert their conventional pump to reverse flow. The kit has an elbow attachment to mate the pump output tube to the riser tube and a sponge assembly for the intake side of the pump. The sponges are easily removed for rinsing under the tap. There is no concern with preserving any nitrifying bacteria in residence in the sponge, as the gravel bed is to perform that service.

The sponge can function purely as a mechanical filter, and be rinsed weekly, biweekly, or whatever your water change interval may be.

8 Best Canister Filters for Aquariums – 2018 Reviews & Guide

These filters are also known as trickle filters and can also work for reef tanks and freshwater aquariums. If you have an aquarium ecosystem which has a lot of fish and other livestock, these filters are just going to give the right amount of filtration. The microorganisms that turn harmful ammonia into better substances need oxygen.

This oxygen is what helps them control the toxicity of the aquarium environment and is how they process debris and other waste into something usable and non-toxic. Water trickles through mechanical media which is what causes more oxygen build up which then gets to the bed of useful bacteria.

DIY Undergravel Filter Plans – Do It Yourself Aquarium Under Gravel Filter. You’ve set up a new fish tank and now you’re interested in adding live plants. Here’s a guide to aquatics plants that are easy to grow and care for to add oxygen and beauty to your tank. Water-change systems hook right onto your faucet for easy draining and.

Skip to content Build Your Own Custom Aquarium Filter Sump There are a lot of aquarium setups that will do better with a custom sump filtration system. Almost any saltwater tank should have one. Even if it is just a 10 gallon sump on a 20 gallon tank it can make all the difference in how well your tank runs long term and how easy it is to keep it going that way. The general benefits of a sump include increased total water volume, a place to hide almost all equipment heaters, protein skimmers, all filtration, etc.

In freshwater there are some great options for filtration on smaller tanks but once you get to a certain point a sump may end up being the best option. At about 75 gallons it becomes better to use a canister or sump instead of HOBs. This can vary with your experience and preference. If you love a great, big canister and will actually keep up on the maintenance then you will be better off going with a canister like the Fluval FX6. But if you are like the majority of canister filter users who do not clean the canister every month then you may want to consider going with a properly designed sump.

They can be easier to maintain. Instead of dragging an entire canister full of water to the sink, tub, driveway, or wherever your significant other has limited you to, you just pull out the foam blocks, the filter sock, the bag of carbon, or whatever needs cleaning. You can swap media out in seconds with little to no mess.

Best Fish Tank Filters – Aquarium Filters Reviews 2018

The more effective the filter material is at trapping small particles, the more often you will have to clean the filter. As soon as fish are added to an aquarium, the normal processes of respiration and digestion produce waste products that pollute the water. There are also other sources of pollution, such as decaying uneaten food. The biggest challenge in keeping an aquarium is controlling the level of these pollutants so that your fish have a healthy environment.

/ 8 Best Canister Filters for Aquariums – Reviews & Guide 8 Best Canister Filters for Aquariums – Reviews & Guide When you own an aquarium, at some point you will need to filter the water as a way of cleaning it and removing harmful dirt and debris.

Thanks for the video! Any ideas how to get these to work? Says nothing about “Hooking up a sand filter” My husband and I have the same problem well similar our water gets green and when we shock gets cloudy so frustrating! So I am def going to get the sand filter thank you so much for your videos they really helped: I hope I’m asking that right? It’s a model , just wondering if it needs another part to hook up to the motor????

I would recommend changing your skimmer to one that is used with that type filter and pump. Thank you, this was awesome re the last attachment which I didn’t have:

Up-flow Pond Filters, Filtration

Canister Filters Aquarium Reviews 1. Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter Penn Plax has the reputation of offering heavy duty canister filters and this one is not any different. With this model, you get a multi-stage filter, which means that all the dirt is removed in every possible way. In the end, your fish will enjoy a sparkling clean environment thanks to the filtration capability of this filter.

Sep 07,  · A undergravel filter will cost you less than $40 for most tanks up to 40 gallons and can be doubled for larger tanks. An air pump will cost you $10 – $40 depending on .

There are a couple of ways for you to accomplish your aim. Most difficult but also most effective would be to build your own “plate” type filter,in which a slotted plate supports the gravel. In either case some sort of “lift tube” would be required. This could be either air powered, or powered by “power head” type pumps. Either method yields good results but the power heads move more water and provide more oxygen for the bacteria colonies. Either method requires regular gravel “vacuuming” to maintain a flow of water and oxygen through the gravel.

Try looking at some of the plate type filters available in pet stores,I think you will get the idea. I would not rely on an UGF as the only filter system for an aquarium, but they do make a re-assuring back-up to whatever sort of filter you use as a primary system. The negative aspects of UGF’s include the need for regular gravel vacuuming,and the fact that plants will not do well if planted directly in the UGF gravel, however plants in containers or plants that grow from rhizomes not rooted in the substrate will do just fine.

Rhizome growing plants include the Anubias family and Java Fern. I’m a great believer in UGF’s as auxiliary systems, but there were generations of fish-keepers that used them a sole support for their aquaria. If you have any more questions,I’ll try to help. And congratulations for building your own tank,it’s not as easy as it appears.

Run down on the penn-plax 10 gallon under gravel filter